" Dried Jackfruit (Artocarpus Heterophyllus) and Coconut (Cocos Nucifera) Leaves while Biomass Briquette”
This study paper is usually presented to the faculty of
Minglanilla Countrywide Science Large Scool (S. Y. 2013 - 2014)
Presented simply by:
Gilbert T. Legaspi Jr
Liz Demi S. Aguilar
Rose Angela A. Manalili
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
In accordance to 3rd there�s r. M. Davies D. S. Abolude, with regard to fuel wood is likely to be increased
to about 213. 4x103 metric tonnes, as the supply may have decreased to about 28. 4x103
metric tonnes by the year 2030. The deforestation price will always increase if perhaps nothing is
done to dissuade the use of fuel wood and promote the use of alternative energy sources. It was
also reported that fossil fuel shortage, fuel elevating price, around the world including other
environmental problems are crucial issues.
In respect to Owen McDougal, Rich Stanley and Seth C. Holstein, fuel/biomass
briquette technology, presents a viable and cost-effective method for making energy out of junk mail
and garden waste. It involves collecting dried, nutrient-leached field residues (cornstalks, straws,
solide, leaves, etc . ), after that pounding and chopping all of them into cornflake-sized pieces. Accessories
intended for the sizing process may vary from a mortar and pestle (East Africa), to a hand-driven thresher
(West Africa), into a hammer mill (South America), or a lawn chipper (United States). Info
show that the briquettes are safe and have a potential functional use of points to date is a
scourge to many neighborhoods nationwide.
According to Dr . David Fulford and Dr . Bea Wheldon, briquetting is a method to convert
loose biomass elements, such as sawdust, straw or perhaps rice psyllium, into high density solid blocks that
can be used being a fuel. Biomass briquettes change fossil fuels or perhaps wood for cooking and industrial
processes. They are cleaner and easier to manage, and cut greenhouse gas emissions.
According to Mr. A. Karan Reddy, biomass briquettes, mostly made of green waste and
various other organic supplies, are commonly utilized for electricity era, heat, and cooking gasoline.
These types of compressed ingredients contain various organic components, including rice husk, bagasse,
floor nut covers, municipal solid waste, agricultural waste, or perhaps anything that includes a high
nitrogen content. The composition of the briquettes varies simply by area due to the availability of organic
elements. The unprocessed trash are accumulated and pressurized into briquette in order to burn off longer
and generate transportation with the goods easier. These briquettes are very not the same as charcoal
because they just do not have huge concentrations of carbonaceous substances and added materials.
In accordance to Julia F. Morton, the jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) is a forest with 30 to
70 foot. (9-21 m) tall, with evergreen, alternative, glossy, to some extent leathery leaves to on the lookout for in (22. 5 cm)
lengthy, oval about mature solid wood, sometimes rectangular or deeply lobed in young locations. The dietary fiber
content helps to guard the colon mucous membrane by lowering exposure as well as as well as
binding to cancer-causing chemical substances in the colon. Fiber is usually needed for the peelings to burn
and as a variable for the energy briquettes.
In respect to Brenda Keir, Nguyen Van Psaume, T. R. Preston and E. L. Orskov, the jackfruit
(Artocarpus heterophyllus) leaves provides a content of dry matter with 43. 8% and has a nitrogen
articles of 15. 00% which is higher by the percentage of 10-12% from the two of the most
popular raw materials employed in briquetting which are the sugar cane bagasse (2. 96%) and rice
straw (3. 88%).
According to Jessica F., coconuts supplied a few families in the Pacific with shelter,
food, beverages, and many of their other demands. The white colored meat in the coconut is usually eaten. The sap
from unopened clusters of flowers can be used to make sweets, vinegar, and...
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